Oral Medicine and Radiology is concerned with clinical diagnosis and non-surgical management of systemic pathologies aecting the oral and maxillofacial region, pre-malignant lesions of the oral cavity, chronic and acute pain conditions such as neuralgias, dental and oral condition of medically compromised patients such as cancer patients, disorders of temporomandibular joint. It also deals with the Maxillofacial Imaging.
Oral and Maxillofacial surgery is concerned with surgical procedures to treat many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and Cranio-maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. It involves Head and neck cancer, Cosmetic facial surgery, Cleft/Craniofacial surgery, Cranio-maxillofacial trauma, Head and neck reconstruction (plastic surgery of the head and neck region), Maxillofacial regeneration (reformation of the facial region by advanced stem cell technique)
Oral Pathology and Embryology is a speciality involved with the diagnosis and study of the causes and eects of diseases aecting the oral and maxillofacial regions (i.e. the mouth, the jaws and the face). Oral pathology is a closely allied speciality with oral and maxillofacial surgery and oral medicine. When a microscopic evaluation is needed, a biopsy is taken, and microscopically observed by a pathologist. It also includes some procedures related to forensic odontology.
Periodontics is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, and in the placement of dental implants. It involves a wide range of treatments, such as scaling and root planing (in which the infected surface of the root is cleaned) or root surface debridement (in which damaged tissue is removed). Patients with severe gum problems are treated using a range of surgical procedures. In addition, periodontists are specially trained in the placement and maintenance of dental implants.
Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of sequelae of dental caries while restoring the teeth to full function & appearance in an aesthetically pleasing manner with as little loss of healthy tooth structure as possible. It also involves performing root canal treatment and associated surgical procedures to overcome pulpitis . The treatment provided include various llings, root canal treatment surgical endodontics, endodontic implants, bleaching, & management of traumatized teeth.
Prosthodontics, also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry, is the area of dentistry that focuses on dental prostheses. It is the dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or decient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.
Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry deals with the dental health of children from birth through adolescence, promotes the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents. Early detection of tooth decay helps to maintain oral health, modify aberrant habits, and treat as needed and as simply as possible. Additionally it includes preventive home care (brushing/flossing/fluorides), caries risk assessment, advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth of children, diet counseling, and information on growth and development.
Orthodontics deals with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity and/or disproportionate jaw relationships. Orthodontic treatment focuses on dental displacement only, where as dentofacial orthopaedics deals with the control and modication of facial growth. Disproportionate jaws in adults are managed by a combined orthodontic and surgical approach
Public health dentistry is concerned primarily with prevention of dental decay and periodontal disease (disease of the tissues surrounding the teeth). Community programs are organized, which are for the most part directed towards education in oral hygiene involving instruction, demonstration, and surveys. On a larger scale, public health dentistry has been concerned with the improvement of oral health in large populations like the uoridation problem of municipal water supplies